**Abstract:** The subject of the school concerns finite subgroups of
groups of birational transformations of projective spaces. This topic is
classical and goes back to the last quarter of the 19th century and it
has its vivid renaissance in the last two decades. Two series of
lectures will survey the most recent methods and results in this
field. The lectures of Yuri Prokhorov will focus on Fano manifolds and
will provide an introduction to Mori theory. The lectures of Jeremy
Blanc will concentrate on finite subgroups of birational transformations
of the plane.

**Program of the school:** There will be 2 lectures each morning,
90 min each, followed by 90 min excercise session in the afternoon and
contributed talks in the evening.

**Fano varieties and Cremona groups**, by Yuri Prokhorov.

Abstract (subject to change): The aim of this course is to present basic results on Fano varieties and give examples; it will also serve as a preparation for the course of Jeremy Blanc. The following topics will be covered:

- Basic properties of Fano varieties. Examples. Del Pezzo surfaces.
- Introduction to Mori theory, Fano varieties in the framework of the MMP.
- Three-dimensional MMP. Outline of Mori-Mukai classification.
- Introduction to Sarkisov links. Examples. Outline of Iskovskikh classification (three-dimensional case).
- Application to the classification of finite subgroups of Cremona groups.

- Exercises:
- Fano varieties:
- Iskovskikh, Prokhorov,
*Fano varieties.*Algebraic geometry, V, 1-247, Encyclopaedia Math. Sci., 47, Springer, Berlin, 1999 - Mukai,
*New developments in the theory of Fano threefolds: vector bundle method and moduli problems*Sugaku Expositions 15 (2002), no. 2, 125-150, available at http://www.math.nagoya-u.ac.jp/~mukai/

- Iskovskikh, Prokhorov,
- Del Pezzo surfaces:
- Manin, Cubic forms: algebra, geometry, arithmetic. North-Holland Mathematical Library, Vol. 4. 1974 [Ch. 4, sect. 23-26]
- Smith, Karen E.; Corti, Alessio Rational and nearly rational varieties. Cambridge Studies in Advanced Mathematics, 92. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 2004
- Dolgachev,
*Classical algebraic geometry: a modern view*, available at http://www.math.lsa.umich.edu/~idolga/, [Ch. 8]

**Finite subgroups of the Cremona group in dimension 2**, by Jeremy Blanc.

Abstract: This course will be devoted to the study of finite subgroups of the Cremona group in dimension 2. This is closely related to the G-equivariant MMP in dimension 2, which has the advantage to be really easier than in dimensions higher (and in fact proved far before Mori statements). The course will describe the geometry on del Pezzo surfaces and conic bundles with a group action, and relation between all these models. If time permits, the case of non-algebraically closed field will also be investigated.

**Readings** to lectures by Blanc.

- Blanc, Finite subgroups of the Cremona group of the plane. Notes to the course with Excerises
- Dolgachev,
*Finite subgroups of the plane Cremona group*Algebraic geometry in East Asia, Seoul 2008, 1-49, Adv. Stud. Pure Math., 60, Math. Soc. Japan, Tokyo, 2010.preprint version here. - Dolgachev, Iskovskikh,
*Finite subgroups of the plane Cremona group*. Algebra, arithmetic, and geometry: in honor of Yu. I. Manin. Vol. I, 443-548, Progr. Math., 269, Birkhauser Boston, Inc., Boston, MA, 2009; http://arxiv.org/pdf/math/0610595v4 - Bayle, Beauville,
*Birational involutions of P2.*Kodaira's issue. Asian J. Math. 4 (2000), no. 1, 1-117. - de Fernex,
*On planar Cremona maps of prime order*. Nagoya Math. J. 174 (2004), 1-28. - Blanc,
*Elements and cyclic subgroups of finite order of the Cremona group*. Comment. Math. Helv. 86 (2011), no. 2, 469-497. http://arxiv.org/pdf/0809.4673v2 - Serre,
*Le groupe de Cremona et ses sous-groupes finis*Seminaire Bourbaki. Volume 2008/2009. Exposes 997-1011.

The joint picture of participants